BEN THANH Restaurant NISHIZAWAARCHITECTS

架構師提供的文本描述。位於西貢中心(又稱胡志明市),矗立著本坦市場的旅遊地標,緊鄰它的是一座法國殖民風格建築的翻新工程。這座建築建於20世紀初,是這座城市遺產的重要組成部分,參與瞭西貢獨特的環境營造。
Text description provided by the architects. In the heart of Saigon (also known as Ho Chi Minh City), stands the touristic landmark of Ben Thanh Market and, right next to it, the renovation project of a French colonial style building. Built at the beginning of the 20th century, the edifice is a substantial piece of the city’s heritage and participates in creating the distinctive ambience of Saigon.
© Hiroyuki Oki
(C)小平之(Hirouki Oki)

然而,從保護的角度來看,保持建築遺產與其原有形式保持一致的努力已經到瞭這個年輕而動蕩的發展中城市的一個關鍵時刻。例如,市場屋頂上具有象征意義的大型瓷磚已被薄薄的紅色金屬面板所取代,這降低瞭其初看起來的審美品質。同樣,與市場一起開發的封閉建築也被分成瞭條狀地塊。多年來,幾傢7到8層高的酒店被錯亂地插在中間,破壞瞭佈料的同質性。
From a preservation perspective however, efforts to keep the architectural heritage consistent with its original form have reached a critical point in the young and tumultuous developing city. For example, the symbolic large tiles of the Market’s roof have been replaced by thin red-colored metal panels, lowering its aesthetic quality at first glance. Likewise, the enclosing buildings, which were developed together with the Market, have been divided into striped plots. Over the years, several 7-to-8-storey hotels were erratically inserted in-between, breaking the homogeneity of the fabric.
Large Axonometric
大型軸測儀

Small Axonometric
小軸測

另一方面,如果我們仔細觀察一下這些普通的活動,我們就會發現,塞貢人很高興地利用瞭這個城市的發展。事實上,人們相信他們能夠自由地參與他們自己城市環境的升級,即使它被承認為當地遺產的一部分。這種特殊的感覺使他們對城市有瞭更深的喜愛,創造瞭生動的城市空間-自然地加強瞭西貢依附的人文氛圍。
On the other hand, if we take a close look at the ordinary activities, we can notice that Saigonese happily take advantage of the city’s development. In fact, people are confident that they can freely participate in the upgrade of their own urban environment, even if it is recognized as part of the local heritage. That particular feeling gives them further fondness for the city and creates lively urban spaces – naturally reinforcing Saigon’s attaching humane atmosphere.
© Hiroyuki Oki
(C)小平之(Hirouki Oki)

我們最後假設,它是一種特定於西貢(以及東南亞城市,與許多歐洲城市不同)的“城市智慧”,能夠直觀地保存其歷史記錄,同時使城市形態適應當代的功能或生活方式。最重要的是,不管是有意還是無意,西貢居民一直在要求他們的城市。通過這個角度,我們可以在本·薩赫市場的新金屬屋頂上欣賞並找到美。
We finally hypothesized that it is an “urban intelligence” specific to Saigon (and South East Asian cities in general, unlike many European cities) to intuitively manage to preserve its historical records and simultaneously adapt the urban form to contemporary functions or lifestyles. Most importantly, this is what, consciously or not, Saigon dwellers have been demanding for their city. And through this angle, we can somehow appreciate and find beauty in the new metal roof of the Ben Thanh Market.
Floor Plans
平面圖

在上述分析的基礎上,我們的設計目標是“以一種敏感的方式更新空間,使過去和現在的時間都能順利地流動,並不斷豐富空間”。我們明白引入一個更動態的空間概念是非常重要的,因為不同的時間可以在不互相阻礙的情況下居住在建築物裡。
Based on the above analysis, our design objective was to “update the space in a sensitive way, where both past and present times flow smoothly and continuously enrich the space”. We understood it was essential to introduce a more dynamic conception of space, for different temporalities to inhabit the building without hindering each other.
© Hiroyuki Oki
(C)小平之(Hirouki Oki)

首先,為瞭使結構恢復到原來的組成,我們剝離瞭許多隔斷層,如裝飾墻和裝飾蓋,這些都是完全隱藏在建築物上的。然後,借鑒傳統建築技術的審美品質,選擇與原建築相兼容的新材料,並將其組裝成小巧輕便的材料。創造和諧的新舊元素是我們的首要任務,我們拒絕使用均勻和平坦的工業材料。相反,我們選擇將手工藝知識從舊材料轉移到新材料,讓它們滲透到空間的精神中。
Firstly, in order to revert the structure back to its original components, we stripped down many partitioning layers, such as decoration walls and covers, which had totally concealed the building. Then, taking inspiration from the aesthetic qualities of old-days construction techniques, new materials were chosen for their compatibility with the original building and assembled in small-scale and portable-weight. To create a harmonious blend between old and new elements was our priority and we refused to use even and flat industrial materials. Instead, we chose to transfer the handcraft know-hows from old materials to new ones and let them permeate the space’s spirit.
© Hiroyuki Oki
(C)小平之(Hirouki Oki)

第二,根據我們的意圖,“更新”建築的基調與城市背景,我們增加瞭兩個新的半透明過濾器。在最初的外墻內外,我們將兩層之間的空間轉換成一個“Loggia”,向周圍的城市景觀開放。因此,本薩赫市場的強大身份融入瞭建築,並順利地擴展到室內空間。內部過濾器,靈感來自市場的高側窗,是一個巨大的玻璃Jalousie隔板,由大約1,000塊鋼化玻璃組成。它打破瞭鄰近城市景觀的反射圖像,並隨著玻璃角度、太陽方向、天氣或季節等各種條件改變瞭其視覺外觀-緩慢節奏地銘刻在建築物上。外部過濾器,靈感來自我們在西貢到處都可以找到的鋼柵欄,由直徑4mm的圓形鋼棒重新組合而成,它是一個非常微妙的柵欄,甚至隨風擺動。它不僅豐富瞭空間的體驗,而且對“洛賈”與建築立面及周邊景觀的區分也有瞭一種略顯抽象的效果。
Secondly, according to our intention to “update” the building in tone with the urban context, we added two new half-transparent filters. With one inside and another outside the original exterior wall, we transformed the space in-between the two layers into a “Loggia” that opens the inside to the surrounding townscape. As a result, the strong identity of the Ben Thanh Market area melts into the architecture and smoothly spreads into the interior spaces. The inside filter, inspired from the high-side windows of the Market, is a large glass-jalousie partition composed of about 1,000 pieces of tempered glass. It breaks the reflection image of the neighboring cityscape and changes its visual appearance with various conditions such as the glass angles, the sun direction, the weather or the seasons – inscribing the building in a slow rhythm. The outside filter, inspired from the steel fences that we can find everywhere in Saigon and re-composed of round steel bars of 4mm-diameter, is a very subtle fence that even swings with the wind. It not only enriches the space’s experience, but also gives it a slightly abstract effect to differentiate the “Loggia” from the building facade and the surrounding scenery.
© Hiroyuki Oki
(C)小平之(Hirouki Oki)

通過這個項目,我們意識到,在西貢快速現代化的背景下,關註城市及其居民,定義我們選擇強調的“城市智慧”,重新考慮如何更新我們現在和未來的時代,使之與其歷史背景共存是至關重要的。
Through this project, we realized that, in the context of the rapid modernization of Saigon, it is critical to be attentive to the city and its inhabitants, define what kind of “urban intelligence” we choose to highlight, and re-consider how to update our present and future times to flow in co-existence with its historical backgrounds.
© Nishizawaarchitects
© Nishizawaarchitects

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