The Cabin JAN TYRPEKL

架構師提供的文本描述。庇護所是一個試驗性的木結構,建在靠近捷克共和國和奧地利邊界的一個以前的混凝土掩體上。這些小堡壘是在二戰前沿捷克斯洛伐克邊界建造的,作為抵禦納粹德國的一種保護措施,但它們從未被使用過。在捷克和斯洛伐克的景觀中,仍然有數千個這樣的掩體。
Text description provided by the architects. The Shelter is an experimental wooden structure that was built on top of a former concrete bunker near to the borders of the Czech Republic and Austria. These small fortresses were built along the Czechoslovakian borders before the WWII. as a protection against Nazi Germany but they were never used. There are still thousands of these bunkers left in the Czech and Slovakian landscape.
© Antonín Matějovský
c Antonín Matějovsk

如何處理這些缺乏功能的混凝土掩體,仍然是社會上一個敏感的話題。這就是為什麼我們把它設計成一種輕巧的木制結構,可以很容易地拆除,並將對掩體建造的影響降到最低。
The discussion what to do with these concrete bunkers that lack any function is still a sensitive topic in the society. That is why we designed it as a light wooden structure that can be easily removed and that minimize the impact on the construction of the bunker.
© Antonín Matějovský
c Antonín Matějovsk


© Antonín Matějovský
c Antonín Matějovsk


© Antonín Matějovský
c Antonín Matějovsk

由於景觀的特點,我們決定把掩體設計成占主導地位的垂直體積。這座建築有兩扇大窗戶-一扇面向東方-與奧地利接壤,第二扇窗戶可以俯瞰最近村莊的教堂。在室內,我們想要展示的是,即使在一個小的建築面積(隻有12平方米),你可以創造一個慷慨的空間。在施工過程中,我們又增加瞭一個屋頂窗戶。
Because of the character of the landscape, we decided to design the shelter as a dominant vertical volume. The building has two large windows – one facing East – the borders with Austria and the second one providing a view to the church of the nearest village. In the interior, we wanted to show that even in a small built-up area (only 12 m2) you can create a generous space. During the construction process, we added another rooftop window.
© Antonín Matějovský
c Antonín Matějovsk

施工的原則是盡量減少材料、成本和施工所需的時間。該建築非常簡單,可以通過人工建造,隻使用普通的工具,沒有任何技術。該項目不通過任何捐贈或贈款獲得資金。整個建築過程是在有興趣參與這個項目的朋友、傢人和建築學學生的幫助下完成的。任何人都可以建造這樣的避難所。由於建造過程的後勤工作,住房首先在一個傢庭農場建造,然後拆卸並運到200公裡外的地點,在那裡再次重新組裝。這座建築用作避難所,在達成協議後,任何人都可以住在那裡。
The principle of the construction was to minimize the material, cost and the time needed for the construction. The building is very simple and can be built by manual labor using only common tools without any technology. The project is not financed via any donations or grants. The whole building process was done thanks to the helping of friends, family, and students of Architecture who were interested to participate on this project. Anyone can build a shelter like this. Because of the logistics of the building process the shelter was first constructed at a family farm and then disassembled and transported to the site 200 km away where it was again reassembled. The building serves as a shelter and after an agreement, anyone can stay there.


Architects JAN TYRPEKL
Location Czech Republic
Project Team Jan Luksík, Jaroslav Kejř, Pavel Štencl, Martina Požárová, Vlaďka Bockschneiderová, Martin Haushalter, Ondřej Vávra, Vladimír Vávra, Pavel Vávra, Matěj Večeřa, Berenika Suchánková, Anna Malá, Karolína Urbánková, Žaneta Krutinová, Jana Vodenková, Jan Veisser, Andrea Pernicová, Vojtěch Šaroun, Jan Stibral
Area 12.5 m2
Project Year 2017
Photographs Antonín Matějovský
Category Small Scale

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